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PERU - Gas Amazónico: new book exposes Ethnocide and Ecocide Imprimir E-mail
Petróleo en Latinoamerica - Perú
Lunes, 16 de Septiembre de 2013 12:59
The Free

The oil companies that are to exploit the Camisea Fields are operating with highly favpourable terms with questionable practices that violate the rights of native communities. The inaccessibility and lack of witnesses, combined with misleading government complicity and corporate image and community relations campaigns, allow Repsol, Petrobras, Hunt and Pluspetrol , the operating companies of lots 56,57,58 and 88, to act with a comfortable margin of impunity.

The book Gas Amazónico, a study under the Environmental Governability Program-ENGOV-which was recently published by the Icaria Editorial, provides new evidence of the misdeeds of these companies on both banks of the Urubamba River, south of the Peruvian Amazon.

There, dozens of indigenous communities, peoples Matsiguenga, Yne yami, Ashaninka and Kakinte have been entrapped to carry out an unprecedented industrialization of their territory.

English: Nahua man of Morelos plowing a bean field

English: Nahua man of Morelos plowing a bean field (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Even worse, isolated peoples like the Nahua, Nanti and Masco-piro, have their very survival gradually threatened.

Uniting the 4 lots, there are a total of more than 1 million and a half hectares affected by possible intervention, including even lands within the Nahua Nanti Kugakapori, the Machiguenga Parks and Ashaninka Communal Reserve and National Park boundaries and the Sanctuary Otishi Megantoni.

"The effects of this industrialization have already changed the lives of communities, but lots are still in an incipient stage of development. The companies that operate them, have taken five years exploring and in recent months have announced satisfactory results.

Having discovered proven reserves of gas, we have entered the countdown to the rampant opening of dozens of wells in each area, the laying of miles of pipelines, expansion of storage tanks and the construction of new pipelines to export the giant wealth discovered. And with this industrialization, the fate of the communities will be unwittingly trapped forever within this industrial complex that encompasses everything. "(1)
navigating the river

navigating the river

In a context of growing national ‘war of figures' on production expectations and export gas volumes, corporations have been able to install in urban society an expectation of cheaper domestic gas, hugely expensive in Peru, by Repsol's marketing of this resource. "Gas Amazónico" explores the problems and realities that contradict hopes of local development, and worse, show no respect for the right to life of peoples in voluntary isolation or initial contact.

In the book, he has pursued the documention of accidents and oil spills in rivers, the gradual deterioration of the quality of resources due to intensifying river and air transport and instruments of Community Relations focused on getting servile consent by mechanisms to create community dependency ..

In addition, he reconstructs the debacle of the recent history of first contact with the Nahua population by Shell and the subsequent Pluspetrol operations within the Nahua Nanti Kugakapori.

At present this company is planning to drill 18 new wells and the media suggests another area ( Fitzcarrald LOT) will br granted between this and Manu National Park. The threats are accentuating.

Reading gas Amazónico will be uncomfortable for Camisea corporations and certain offices in Lima. Because it is an insightful book that gives voice to communities, is well grounded and well referenced. It is effort to, from a scientific perspective, discredit the ideology of the extractive industry. And this data raises huge doubts on the campaigns of ‘corporate responsibilty'. His experience, in the field of environmental crime poses a severe challenge and questions the future of mining in the Amazon frontier.

English translation by TheFreeOnline

(1) GAVALDA, Marc, "Gas Amazon. Indigenous peoples encroachment of extractive borders Peru, Icaria Editorial, 2013. http://www.icariaeditorial.com/libros.php?id=1386