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Petróleo en Latinoamerica - Ecuador
Jueves, 22 de Diciembre de 2011 19:11

Peru's rapid economic growth in recent years has led to an increase in energy demand, especially in the industrial sector. Peru has the potential to be a significant producer of both natural gas and petroleum due to its untapped reserves; however, lack of investment has limited Peru's oil production, and made it an importer of both crude oil and petroleum products. The Peruvian government has enacted a series of policies to attract foreign investment and increase energy security by promoting the use of domestic natural gas and hydroelectric resources. These policies have included a conversion program for transportation fuel from diesel to natural gas, and an energy efficiency program for the residential sector. Increases in the production of natural gas from the Camisea gas fields and the first natural gas liquefaction plant in South America at Pampa Melchorita have enabled Peru to become a natural gas exporter despite increases in domestic consumption.

In 2008, Peru consumed 0.7 quadrillion Btu of total energy. Oil constituted the largest part of total energy consumption, followed by hydroelectricity. Most of Peru's electricity comes from hydroelectric generation, with a smaller share of its electric power from coal. Due to Peru's abundant resources, natural gas and hydroelectricity are expected to dominate the energy future of Peru. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit, energy consumption in Peru is expected to rise more than one third by 2020, due to economic and population growth.


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